Pros and Cons

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Fifth Generation of Computer

Fifth generation computers are based on artificial intelligence and biochips, and we can say that they are still in the development phase;

Though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that is being used today to make things easier. The use of parallel processing and supercomputers is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality.

Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radically change the face of computers in years to come.

The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self-organization. As you can see these are the technologies evolved one by one;

Advantages of Fifth Generation Computer

Their intelligence: Intelligent robots that could ‘see’ their environment (visual input – for example, a video camera) and could be programmed to carry out certain tasks without step-by-step instructions. The robot should be able to decide for itself how the task should be accomplished, based on the observations it made of its environment.

Technology Advances: VLSI and ULSI; The period of the fifth generation is a 1980-till date. In the fifth generation, VLSI technology became ULSI (Ultra Large Scale Integration) technology, resulting in the production of microprocessor chips having ten million electronic components. AI includes.

  • Robotics
  • Neural Networks
  • Game Playing
  • Development of expert systems to make decisions in real-life situations
  • Natural language understanding and generation

The main features of the fifth generation computer are,

  • ULSI technology
  • Development of true artificial intelligence
  • Development of Natural language processing
  • Advancement in Parallel Processing
  • Advancement in Superconductor technology
  • More user-friendly interfaces with multimedia features
  • Availability of very powerful and compact computers at cheaper rates.
  • The fifth-generation computers will use super large-scale integrated chips.
  • They will have artificial intelligence.
  • They will be able to recognize images and graphs.
  • Fifth-generation computer aims to be able to solve highly complex problem including decision making, logical reasoning.
  • They will be able to use more than one CPU for faster processing speed.
  • Fifth-generation computers are intended to work with natural language.
  • These computers are much faster than other generation computers.
  • It is easier to repair these computers.
  • These computers are much smaller in size than other generation computers
  • They are portable and easy to handle.
  • Development of true artificial intelligence.
  • Advancement in Parallel Processing.
  • Advancement in Superconductor technology

Disadvantages of Fifth Generation of Computer:

  • They tend to be sophisticated and complex tools.
  • They can give more power to companies to watch what you are doing and even allow them to infect your computer.


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