Organic Farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics, and growth hormones. Those people who are aware of their health are using organic products, which minimize their risk and fear of diseases like cancer, diabetes, asthma, etc.
It is a form of agriculture that follows biological techniques like crop rotation, green fertilizers, manure, plant-based herbicides s, and pesticides to protect the production capacity of soil for a long time.
It is not a new system and is being practiced for a long time. The principal goal of organic farming is to develop enterprises that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment.
It aims to protect the environment, minimize soil degradation and erosion, decrease pollution, optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health. In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.
It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved.
Advantages Organic Farming
- Organic foods are free of harmful pesticides, antibiotics, and additives.
- They have less of any environmental impacts than conventional farming
- Farmers can reduce their production costs since they don’t have to spend a lot of money on chemicals and fertilizers.
- They improve plant growth and physiological activities of plants.
- In the long term, organic farms save energy and protect the environment.
- More animals and plant can kive in the same place in a natural way which increases biodiversity.
- Organic farming practices help to reduce water pollution.
- Food tastes better and is poison-free.
- The nutritional value is higher in organic foods.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming
- Organic foods are more expensive because farmers do not get much out of their farms as much as conventional farmers.
- Marketing and distribution are not efficient because organic foods are prepared in a smaller amount.
- Organic foods have shorter shelves life because they are not treated with waxes or preservatives.
- Organic Farming can not produce enough food that the world’s population needs to survive.
The organic farm grows organic foods in an environmentally sustainable and socially responsible way, focusing on soil regeneration, water conservation and animal welfare which should be promoted. Organic farming can be a viable alternative production method for farmers, but there are many challenges. One key to success is being open to alternative organic approaches to solving production problems. Determine the cause of the problem, and assess strategies to avoid or reduce the long term problem rather than a short term fix for it.