As per the theories and definitions by Noam Chomsky, the beginning of science is the ability to be amazed by apparently simple things, which is known as critical thinking.
Moore & Parker said Critical thinking is careful and deliberate determination of whether to accept, reject or suspend judgment.Don’t miss: .COM for just $0.98!
Critical thinking includes some skills
Here are the charactertistics of Critical Thinker and Uncritical thinker.
- They have a passionate drive for clarity, precision, accuracy, and other critical thinking standards.
- Mostly they are sensitive in ways in which critical thinking can be skewed by egocentrism, sociocentrism, wishful thinking, and other impediments (a hindrance or obstruction in doing something).
- Understand the value of critical thinking, both o individuals and to society as a whole.
- Are intellectually honest with themselves, acknowledging what they don’t know and recognizing their limitations.
- They take things open-mindedly to opposing points of view and welcome criticism of beliefs and assumptions.
- They only talk based on their beliefs or even the facts or evidence rather than on personal preference or self-interest.
- Think independently and are not afraid to disagree with group opinions.
- Pursue truth and are curious about a wide range of issues.
- They are always aware of the biases and preconceptions that shape the way they perceive the world.
- Often think in ways that are unclear, imprecise, and inaccurate.
- Often fall prey to egocentrism, sociocentrism, relativistic thinking, unwarranted assumptions, and wishful thinking.
- They don’t see critical thinking as a good value point.
- Pretend they know more than they do and ignore their limitations.
- They are close-minded people and resist criticism of beliefs and assumptions.
- Often base beliefs on mere personal preference of self-interest.
- Lack awareness of their own biases and preconception.
- They always tend to engage in groupthink, uncritically following the beliefs and values of the crowd.
- They are easily distracted and lack the ability to zero in on the essence of an issue or a problem.
- Tend not to preserve when they encounter intellectual obstacles or difficulties.